The British Parliament and the Executive Power

Available only in Russian

Price 140 rub.

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2016-1-24-38

Keywords: checks and balances, executive power, fusion of powers, leader of the House of Commons, opposition, separation of powers, the ministerial responsibility, the Parliament, the parliamentary whips

Abstract

The article discusses the British model of relations between executive and legislative powers. The ‘parliament’ is considered in the article not only as the central institution of representative and legislative power, but as a specific concept of the British constitutional and legal doctrine. The article focuses on specific features of the British model of division of powers, as well as phenomenon of their fusion. In this context, the article presents detailed study of the British system of checks and balances. Among the ways of parliament influence on the executive branch, the author emphasises the control functions of the parliament, the principle of ministerial responsibility (individual and collective), as well as the activities of the official opposition in House of Commons, and the controlling and containing functions of the House of Lords. In the same time, the author researches the degree of involvement of the executive in the legislative function of the parliament, and tools limiting the impact of the government on the parliament. The author, however, sees in the fluctuating balance between these branches trends to establishing certain equilibrium. The separation of powers remains an essential fundamental principle of the British constitution, and the parliament through constitutional laws is now regaining its status as a keystone of the Westminster model of government.

About the author: Oleksiy Bruslyk – postgraduate student, the Department of State Building, Yaroslav Mudry National Law University, Kharkov, Ukraine.

Citation: Bruslyk A. (2016) Parlament Velikobritanii i ego vzaimosvyaz' s ispolnitel'noy vlast'yu [The British Parliament and the Executive Power]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no. 1, pp. 24–38. (In Russian).

References

Barber N. (2012) Razdelenie vlastey i konstitutsiya Velikobritanii [Separation of Powers and the Great Britain Constitution]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vyssheyshkoly ekonomiki, no. 1, pp. 3–17. (In Russian).

Bagehot W. (1894) The English Constitution, 7th ed., London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trьbner & Co., Ltd.

Bogdanor V. (2009) The New British Constitution,Oxford; Portland, OR: Hart Publishing.

Borzova E. P., Burdukova I. I., Chistiakov A. N. (2013) Politicheskie i izbiratel'nye sistemy: Gosudarstva britanskogo sodruzhestva [Political and Electoral Systems: The States of the British Commonwealth], St. Petersburg: SPbKO. (In Russian).

Dicey A. V. (1902) Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. 6th ed. London; New York: Macmillan and Co. (Russian ed.: Daysi A. V. Osnovy gosudarstvennogo prava Anglii: Vvedenie v izuchenie angliyskoy konstitutsii, O. V. Poltoratskaya (transl.), P. G. Vinogradov (ed.), Moscow: Tipografiya t-va I. D. Sytina, 1907.)

Eleftheriadis P. (2012) Parlamentskiy suverenitet i Konstitutciia [Parliamentary Sovereignty and the Constitution]. Pravo Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no. 3, pp. 29–55. (In Russian).

Elliott M. (2007) United Kingdom: Bicameralism, Sovereignty, and the Unwritten Constitution. International Journal of Constitutional Law, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 370–379.

Enson W. (1908) Angliyskiy parlament y ego konstitutsionnye zakony i obychayi [The British Parliament: Its Constitutional Laws and Customs], N. A. Zakharova (transl.), St. Petersburg: Martynov's bookshop. (In Russian).

Garner D. (1984) Velikobritaniya: Tsentral'noe i mestnoe upravlenie [Great Britain: The Central and Local Government], G. V. Barabashev (ed.),

N. A. Shulzhenko, V. L. Entin (transl.), Moscow: Progress. (In Russian). Obolensky A. V. (ed.) (2009) Gosudarsvennaya sluzhba: kompleksnyy podkhod [Public Service: Comprehensive Approach], Moscow: Delo . (In Russian).

Griffith J. A. G. (1989) Parliament: Functions, Practice and Procedures, London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Hennessy P. (2000) The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders Since 1945, London: Allen Lane.

Jennings I. (1964) The Law and the Constitution, London: University of London Press.

Kovalyov I. G. (2011) Ekonomika i sovremennoe gosudarstvenno-politicheskoe ustroystvo Velikobritanii [Economic System and Contemporary State and Political Regime of Great Britain], Moscow: Pero. (In Russian).

Baglay M. V., Leybo Yu. I., Entin L. M. (eds.) (2013) Konstitutsionnoe pravo zarubezhnykh stran [Constitutional Law in Foreign Countries]. Moscow: Norma: INFRA-M. (In Russian).

Leyland P. (2012) Constitution of the United Kingdom: A Contextual Analysis, 2nd ed., Portland, OR: Hart Publishing.

Leyland P. (2005) Velikobritaniya: podotchotnost' ispolnitel'noy vlasti v usloviyakh mnogosloynoy konstitutsii [Great Britain: Accountability of the Executive Power under Multilayer Constitution]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no. 4, pp. 22–38. (In Russian).

Luzin V. V. (2000) Parlamentskaya model razdeleniya vlastey (na primere Velikobritanii) [Parliamentary Model of Division of Powers: Great Britain Case]. Pravo i politika, no. 6, pp. 27–37. (In Russian).

Mishin A. A. (2004) Konstitutsionnoe (gosudarstvennoe) pravo zarubezhnykh stran [Constitutional Law of Foreign Countries], Moscow: Yustitsinform. (In Russian).

Krylova N. S. (ed.) Politicheskaya sistema Velikobritanii [Political System of Great Britain], Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1984. (In Russian).

Peregudov S. P. (2014) Samaya vliyatelnaya zhenshchina. “Zheleznaya ledi” Margaret Tetcher [The Most Influent Woman, the “Iron Lady” Margaret Tetcher], Moscow: Yauza: Eksmo. (In Russian).

Peregudov S. (1993) Razdelenie vlastey po-britanski [Separation of Powers, British Way]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnyie otnosheniya, no. 6, pp. 101–109. (In Russian).

Seryogina S. G. (2011) Forma pravlennya: pytannya konstitutsiyno-pravovoy teorii ta praktyki [Form of Government: Questions for Constitutional Theory and Practice], Kharkiv: Pravo. (In Ukrainian).

Shmitt K. (2010) Gosudarstvo i politicheskaya forma [The State and Political System] / per. s nem. O. V. Kildyushova, Moscow: Izd. dom Gos. Un-ta  Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki. (In Russian).

Понравился материал?

We will be happy with a small, if possible, monthly help, which gives us confidence in the future and the ability to plan our activities. Поддержите деятельность Института!