The formation of the composition of the Constitutional Court of Russia in 1994–1995 (on the history of the issue and constitutional and legal aspects)

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Author: Mikhail Mityukov

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2021-4-155-171

Keywords: candidates for judges, election of the heads of the court, political struggle over the process of replenishing the court, The Constitutional Court of 1993–1995, the procedure for appointing constitutional judges

Abstract

The modernisation of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in 1993–2000 was a result of the political and legal transformations of the 1990s, and the period of its procedural inaction for a year and a half was by no means time lost. It was used to prepare a new law for the Constitutional Court, which was largely prepared by the Court itself and accompanied by disputes with the State Legal Department of the Russian Federation’s president and various factions of the State Duma of the first assembly (LDPR, KPRF). Discussions were primarily held about the status of the Constitutional Court, such as the Court’s term in office, as well as its number of members, which greatly determined the effectiveness of the future “second” Constitutional Court of the 1993–1995 model and its internal structure. Filling the Constitutional Court’s six vacant seats as defined by the 1993 Constitution was not carried out by electing judges as in the previous legislation, but instead by appointing them to each of the chambers on the suggestion of the head of state. This predetermined an acute political struggle, primarily to establish the procedure for selecting candidates for judicial positions and determining the role of the president in each chamber of the Federal Assembly, the State Duma factions, legal institutions, and scientific communities of legal scholars. The independent “game” of each of these elements delayed the process of starting a functioning Constitutional Court for many months, but the democratic procedure for electing the courts’ heads allowed the issue to resolve without delay.

About the author: Mikhail Mityukov – Mikhail Mityukov
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor; Professor of the Constitutional and Municipal Law Department, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Mityukov M. (2021) Doformirovanie sostava Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossii v 1994–1995 godakh (k istorii voprosa i konstitutsionno-pravovye aspekty) [The formation of the composition of the Constitutional Court of Russia in 1994–1995 (on the history of the issue and constitutional and legal aspects). Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol.30, no.4, pp.155–171. (In Russian).

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