Regulation of private international law and international civil procedure in Argentina (general characteristic and procedural aspect)

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Authors: Irina Getman-Pavlova, Natalia Erpyleva

DOI: 10.21128/2226-2059-2019-1-134-147

Keywords: Argentina; choice-of-law (conflict) rules; Civil Code; codification; Commercial Code; International Civil Procedure; international jurisdiction; intra-branch complex form; Private International Law

Abstract

The article is devoted to the research of a new regulation in Private International Law and International Civil Procedure in Argentina which was introduced in the process of recodification of private law. In 2014 a new Civil and Commercial Code of Argentina was adopted in which the Title “Provisions on Private International Law” (articles 2594–2671) establishes choice-of-law (conflict) rules and jurisdictional rules. For the purpose of codification of Private International Law and International Civil Procedure the Argentinean legislator chose intra-branch complex form of codification which is traditional for that country. In the article much attention is paid to the analysis of procedural aspects of legislation adopted. The new regulation is internationally oriented and broadens of judicial discretion in order to take into account the concrete circumstances of a case, the majority of International Civil Procedure rules is directed for the protection of access to the efficient justice. Unfortunately, the Argentinean legislator refused to apply the autonomous complex form of codification of Private International Law and International Civil Procedure, so the new regulation became incomplete, particularly the rules of recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments were not included. Despite the range of shortcomings, the new Private International Law and International Civil Procedure of Argentina have serious advantages: a) closed list of foundations of exclusive jurisdiction of local courts is established; b) recognition of parties’ autonomy of will in choice of court is introduced; c) principle of controlled plurality of proceedings is formulated.

About the authors: Natalia Erpyleva – Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor, Head of the Department of General and Interbranch Legal Disciplines, Faculty of Law, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia; Irina Getman-Pavlova – Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) in Law, Associate Professor, Department of General and Interbranch Legal Disciplines, Faculty of Law, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Erpyleva N., Getman-Pavlova I. (2019) Regulirovanie mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava i mezhdunarodnogo grazhdanskogo protsessa v Argentine (obshchaya kharakteristika i protsessual'nyy aspekt) [Regulation of private international law and international civil procedure in Argentina (general characteristic and procedural aspect)]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, vol.9, no.1, pp.134–147. (In Russian).

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