Author: Robert Spano
Keywords: Articles 8 and 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights; Delfi AS v. Estonia; freedom of expression; intermediary liability; Magyar T.E. and Index.hu Zrt. v. Hungary; The European Court of Human Rights
In the recent judgments of Delﬁ AS v. Estonia and Magyar T.E. and Index.hu Zrt v. Hungary, the European Court of Human Rights for the first time sought to clarify the limits to be imposed on intermediary liability regimes for online user comments, and the factors to be assessed in the determination of the appropriate balance between the Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights speech rights of online intermediaries and the Article 8 reputational rights of those targeted by unlawful user comments. In doing so, the Court has left open to Contracting States the choice of intermediary liability regime to be adopted at the domestic level. The author, a judge of the Strasbourg Court, comments extrajudicially on the compatibility of the potential liability regimes with the Court’s new line of case law and the criticisms levelled at the judgment of Delﬁ AS v. Estonia. He argues that, the European Court may be seen to have adopted a middle ground between two diametrically opposing viewpoints on the regulation of the Internet, one advocating for an environment free from regulation of online conduct, and the other campaigning for a regulated Internet where the same legal principles apply both online and offline.
About the author: Robert Spano – Judge of the European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg, France.
Citation: Spano R. (2017) Otvetstvennost’ informatsionnogo posrednika za kommentarii onlayn-pol’zovatelya v kontekste Evropeyskoy Konventsii po pravam cheloveka [Intermediary liability for online users comments under the European Convention on Human Rights]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no. 2, pp. 28–41. (In Russian).
Bodrogi B. (2016) The European Court of Human Rights Rules Again on Liability for Third Party Comments. LSE Media Policy Project Blog, 19 February. Available at: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/mediapolicyproject/2016/02/19/the-european-court-of-human-rights-rules-again-on-liabilityfor-third-party-comments/ (accessed: 31.12.2016).
Brunner L. (2016) The Liability of on Online Intermediary for Third Party Content – The Watchdog Becomes the Monitor: Intermediary Liability after Delfi v. Estonia. Human Rights Law Review, vol. 16, pp. 163–174.
Cox N. (2015) Delfi v. Estonia: Privacy Protection and Chilling Effect. Verf-Blog, 19 June. Available at: http://www.verfassungsblog.de/delfi-vestonia-privacy-protection-and-chilling-effect/ (accessed: 31.12.2016).
Gstrein O. J. (2015) The Difficulties of Information Management for Intermediaries.Jean-Monnet Saar/Europarecht Online, 30 July. Available at:http://www.jean-monnet-saar.eu/?pј881 (accessed: 31.12.2016).
Perry R., Zarsky T. Z. (2014) Liability for Online Anonymous Speech: Comparative and Economic Analyses. Journal of European Tort Law, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 205–256.
Perry R., Zarsky T. Z. (2015) Who Should be Liable for Online Anonymous Defamation? University of Chicago Law Review Dialogue, vol. 82,pp. 162–176.
Voorhoof D. (2015) Delfi AS v. Estonia: Grand Chamber Confirms Liability of Online News Portal for Offensive Comments Posted by Its Readers. Strasbourg Observers, 18 June. Available at: http://www.strasbourgobservers.com/2015/06/18/delfi-as-v-estonia-grand-chamber-confirms-liabilityof-online-news-portal-for-offensive-comments-posted-by-its-readers/ (accessed: 31.12.2016).
Woods L. (2015) Delfi v. Estonia: Curtailing Online Freedom of Expression.EU Law Analysis, 18 June. Available at: www.eulawanalysis.blogspot.fr/ 2015/06/delfi-v-estonia-curtailing- nline.html (accessed: 31.12.2016).