Author: Anna Kozyakova
Keywords: counterclaim; discriminatory and unjustified measures; fair and equitable regime; foreign investments; illegal expropriation
New investment law cases continue to attract the attention of both practitioners and researchers in the field of international investment law. Case law is also considered to be a driving force for the further development in the area of international protection of foreign investments. The Article presents a description and an analysis of one of such cases. On December 8, 2016, the ICSID tribunal rendered an award in Urbaser S.A. (Urbaser) and Consorcio de Aguas Bilbao Bizkaia, Bilbao Biskaia Ur Partzuergoa (CABB) v. The Argentine Republic. Being the first case in which an arbitral tribunal accepted its jurisdiction to hear a host State’s counterclaims on an alleged violation of international standards of human rights by a foreign investor, Urbaser and CABB v. Argentina has already gained much attention. The tribunal found it has jurisdiction to hear a host State’s counterclaims, but dismissed the counterclaims on substance. The author argues that this proceeding that lasted almost ten years is intriguing also with regard to other aspects. In particular, compared to previous ISCID cases, Urbaser and CABB v. Argentina is remarkable for a more balanced approach to the interpretation and differentiation of standards of protection for foreign investments under international law. Further, the way the tribunal elaborated on a requirement of a direct connection between losses of a foreign investor and a violation of international law on the side of a host State deserves appreciation. The Author argues that the case contributes to the search for a justified balance between the positions of foreign investors and host States and thus plays a role in the future development of international investment law.
About the author: Anna Kozyakova – Ph.D. candidate, Research Assistant, Institute of International and European law, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
Citation: Anna Kozyakova (2017) Delo Urbaser and CABB v. Argentina v mezhdunarodnom arbitrazhe: poisk spravedlivogo balansa mezhdu inostrannym investorov i prinimayushchim gosudarstvom [Urbaser and CABB v. Argentinacase in ICSID: searching for a justified balance between foreign investors and host States]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.3, pp.3–18. (In Russian).
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