Available in Russian
Author: Nikolay Kazantsev
Keywords: customs duties; economic integration; Eurasian economic commission; legitimate private interest; monitoring the implementation of international treaties; power-orb-holder right
It is the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) responsibility to monitor the implementation of international treaties. This duty consists of identifying the violations of treaties committed by the Union member states and restoring the rights violated. On 11 October 2018, the Court of the Union in the judgment in the case of “Oil Marin Group” (RF) v. Commission, demanded from the Commission (EEC) to carry out this duty fully, protecting the legitimate interests of the economic entity from the fiscal arbitrariness of public authority. The Court of the Union by this judgment for the first time towered over and constricted the Russian traditional orb holdern law priority of а fiscal interests and freedom of public power and decided the case in favor of legitimate private interest and protection of it by the Commission as the public authority of the Union. The orb holdern law is customary to exercise real power over written law to expand its discretionary powers. It does not violate the letter of the law due to the flexible interpretation of ambiguities of norms. It is impossible to develop the state's institutes by means ruling based on the orb-holdern power law. This development would be stuck on the stage of power autocracy as long as the courts' decisions realized the priority of the executives' interests against the legitimate interests of citizens and others. The previous two attempts to integrate the Eurasian countries were based on the orb-power holdern law. Those monarchical and Soviet attempts have ended in the disintegration of the state. It is an illusory hope that power orb-holdern law is a way of being a robust and powerful state. Based on the Russian Empire and the USSR's historical experience, one can conclude that it leads to officials' illegal arbitrariness, corruption, and the state's collapse. There remains only one way of integration – based on mutual benefit, that is economic integration. It is now complicated for Russia by competition with other integration centers – China, Turkey, and India. Therefore, it is vital that the Court of Justice of the Union ensured the application of the norms of the Treaty of the Union, and made it so contrary to three out of four Russian courts – court of appeal and two cassation instances, including the highest one. The precedent of this decision marked the beginning of Eurasian integration as a real practice of economic ties among the industrial entities of the Union.
About the author: Nikolay Kazantsev – Doctor of Sciences in Law, Ph.D. in Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.
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