Legal-theoretical nature of the concept of constitutional identity

Available only in Russian

Price 150 rub.

Author: Oleg Belosludtsev

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2021-3-39-62

Keywords: constitutional identity, factors of identity construction, genesis and nature of constitutional identity

Abstract

This article consists of three sections. The author firstly considers the problem of ambiguity of the term “identity”, as well as its relationship with related concepts. Following from this, the main approaches to the genesis and nature of constitutional identity, including alternative interpretations are considered. The question of the nature of constitutional identity, according to the author, is of fundamental importance for the theory. The author tries to consider both traditional (positivist) and alternative points of view on this issue. In the third paragraph, the author tries to demonstrate the influence of several factors determined by national culture (constructing constitutional identity) on the formation of constitutional identity. Based on the generalization of the theoretical and legal works of R.Hirschl, G.J.Jacobsohn, M.Rosenfeld, and M.Tushnet, the author attempts to identify such independent factors as religion, politics, history, and constitutional disharmony. According to the author, the unique combination of these factors, inherent in each culture of “local” circumstances, determines the uniqueness of any national constitutional identity. The author believes that the Russian science of constitutional and international law is excessively focused on positivist interpretations of constitutional identity. Alternative approaches to the conceptualization of constitutional identity remain absent in much of the work of other researchers.

About the author: Oleg Belosludtsev – Candidate of Sciences Degree Seeking Applicant, Lecturer at the Department of International and European Law, Faculty of Law, Mordovia State University named after N.P.Ogarev, Saransk, Russia.

Citation: Belosludtsev O. (2021) Teoretiko-pravovaya priroda kontseptsii konstitutsionnoy identichnosti [Legal-theoretical nature of the concept of constitutional identity]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol.30, no.3, pp.39–62. (In Russian).

References

Aranovskiy K.V. (2003) Konstitutsionnaya traditsiya v rossiyskoy srede: monografiya [Constitutional tradition in the Russian environment: a case study], Saint Petersburg: Yuridicheskiy tsentr Press. (In Russian).
Gracheva S.A. (2018) Razvitie kontsepta konstitutsionnoy identichnosti v svyazi s poiskom podkhodov k razresheniyu konventsionno-konstitutsionnykh kolliziy i konfliktov [Development of the concept of constitutional identity in relation to seeking approaches for resolving collisions of constitutional regulators and law of the European Convention on Human Rights]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, no.9, pp.52–64. (In Russian).
Karpenko K.V. (2016) Konstitutsionnaya samobytnost' kak rasshirenie predmeta konstitutsionnogo prava [Constitutional identity as an extension of the subject of constitutional law]. In: Razvitie rossiyskogo prava: novye konteksty i poiski resheniya problem: III Moskovskiy yuridicheskiy forum. X Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya (Kutafinskie chteniya): materialy konferentsii. Chast' 4 [Development of Russian law: new contexts and the search for solutions to problems. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference. Part 1], in 4 parts, Moscow: Prospekt, pp.271–277. (In Russian).
Podolyan D.A. (2017) Formirovanie doktriny konstitutsionnoy identichnosti [The formation of the doctrine of constitutional identity]. Severo-Kavkazskiy yuridicheskiy vestnik, no.4, pp.94–100. (In Russian).
Vasil'eva T.A. (2017) Printsip uvazheniya natsional'noy identichnosti gosudarstv — chlenov ES: problemy interpretatsii [Principle of respect of national identity of EU member states: issues in interpretation]. Konstitutsionnoe i munitsipal'noe parvo, no.6, pp.9–12. (In Russian).
Zor'kin V.D. (2017) Konstitutsionnaya identichnost' Rossii: doktrina i praktika. Doklad na mezhdu­narodnoy konferentsii v Konstitutsionnom sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Sankt-Peterburg, 16 maya 2017 goda) [The constitutional identity of Russia: doctrine and practice. Report at an international conference in the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (Saint-Petersburg, May 16, 2017)]. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki konstitutsionnogo sudoproizvodstva, no.12, pp.7–30. (In Russian).

Понравился материал?

We will be happy with a small, if possible, monthly help, which gives us confidence in the future and the ability to plan our activities. Поддержите деятельность Института!