CCR №1 (122) 2018
Is the glass half-empty or half-full? Interference as a form of constitutional rights’ limitation

Abstract 
Limitation of constitutional rights is among the most widespread concepts of Russian constitutionalism. At the same time, constitutional text, the doctrine and case-law of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation often use this term for absolutely different legal phenomena. Through analysis of interference as a form of constitutional rights’ limitation one could solve such a terminological issue. The paper also tries to clarify the most important part of the constitutional adjudication connected with examination of interference in constitutional rights of an applicant. From such a point of view, in the first part of the paper the author makes some introductory remarks. A prerequisite for the further analysis is examination of influence of ideology on a research of interference in constitutional rights and importance of this subject-matter in the view of legal dogmatic as well as constitutional jurisprudence. In this part the author puts forward an argument that the considerable attention to the concept of limitation of constitutional rights in the domestic doctrine is a feature to the surviving socialist legal tradition. Comparative legal materials, first of all a so called classical concept of interference in state law of Germany and corresponding case-law of the Federal constitutional court, are used for the analysis of the considered constitutional phenomenon. Applying such comparative legal approach in the second part of paper, the author analises four main characteristics of interference in constitutional rights in case-law of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, including legal enactment, directness, ripeness, and imperative character. The examples of such a case-law refer to complex perception of the material rules limiting the scope of constitutional rights and procedural rules, establishing admissibility criteria for constitutional complaint of individuals and groups.

About the author
Aleksei Dolzhikov – Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) in Law, Associate Professor, Department of the Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law at Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Citation
Dozhikov A. (2018) Stakan napolovinu polon ili pust? Vmeshatel’stvo kak forma ogranicheniya konstitutsionnykh prav [Is the glass half-empty or half-full? Interference as a form of constitutional rights’ limitation]. Sravnitel’noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no.1, pp.80–112. (In Russian).

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