IJ №3 (23) 2017
The specific issues of rendering provisional (preliminary) measures in the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne

Abstract
This article analyzes the specificity of granting provisional measures within proceedings in the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne (CAS/TAS). The research on this topic has barely been covered in Russian legal science. The article examines the bodies authorized for ordering provisional measures and, in particular, the recently adopted restrictions to the competence of state courts to grant preliminary measures within ordinary and appellant proceedings. The article also provides analysis of the timeline (even before arbitral panel has been formed), prerequisites and conditions for such measures, the cumulative application of these conditions, the uniformity (and more likely lack of uniformity) in practice of application of these conditions, and tendencies of their changing and evolution. The prerequisites for provisional measures applicable the CAS/TAS are as follows: 1. Whether possible harm is irreparable; 2. Whether the positive outcome is probable; 3. Whether the interest of the claimant overwhelms the interests of the respondent to leave the status quo. The article analyzes the practical application of these prerequisites. The article examines types (untypical for international commercial and international investment arbitration), terms, and borders of provisional measures, and also cases when provisional measure is the same as the main relief sought (which raises several procedural risks). The author examines whether provisional measures rendered by CAS may be subject to annulment (and whether there are some exceptions from a general rule), and gives a review of crucial issues regarding their enforcement: either voluntary or through sports organizations. While enforcement through state courts is also theoretically possible, in practice one may face different complications depending on the particular legal system. The article reviews the recent provisional measures requested, declined, and ordered during the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, and offers reasons for refusal to grant them in favor of Russian sportsmen.

About the author
Natalia Kisliakova – Ph.D. student, Moscow State Institute of International Relationships (University), Moscow, Russia; German Chancellor Fellow (in the field of sports arbitration).

Citation
Kisliakova N. (2017) Osobennosti vyneseniya vremennykh (obespechitel’­nykh) mer v mezhdunarodnom sportivnom arbitrazhnom sude v Lozanne [The specific issues of rendering provisional (preliminary) measures in the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.3, pp.62–75. (In Russian).

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