IJ №4 (20) 2016
New approaches to the neutrality of arbitrators in international commercial arbitration

Abstract
The article concerns the notions of “national neutrality” and “international mindedness” of arbitrators in international commercial arbitration. The following issues are being under research in the article: what influence a nationality of an arbitrator has on a party’s choice of an arbitrator in international commercial arbitration; what are the contemporary rules on national neutrality of arbitrators. The issue of the nationality of arbitrators in international commercial arbitration is commonly discussed through the angle and in terms of independence and impartiality of arbitrators. Already back in the 80’s one of the renowned authorities in the field of international commercial arbitration and an experienced arbitrator himself, professor P. Lalive submitted that an arbitrator in international commercial arbitration must have a truly “international way of thinking” or “international mindedness”. However, the author of this article argues that in the year of 2016 these words are still relevant and the presence of an “international mindedness” of arbitrators hardly became a standard in the field of international commercial arbitration. In this paper, the author submits that too much attention in international commercial arbitration is paid to the formal rules of national neutrality and there is a need to re-direct attention from the well-established existing rules of national neutrality of arbitrators towards the issue of the so called “international mindedness” of arbitrators. The article suggests that apart from the existence of the contemporary rules on the neutrality of arbitrators, there is a need to promote and implement a new standard of “international way of thinking”, “international mindedness” for arbitrators in international commercial arbitration.

About the author
Elena Billebro- LL.M, advocate, the Moscow Chambers of Advocates (e-mail: elena@kotlyarova-billebro.com).

Citation 
Billebro E. V. (2016) Novye podkhody k otsenke neytral’nosti arbitrov v mezhdunarodnom kommercheskom arbitrazhe. [New approaches to the neutrality of arbitrators in international commercial arbitration]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no. 4, pp. 42–53. (In Russian).

References:

Andersson F., Isaksson T., Johansson M., Nilsson U. (2014) Arbitrazh v Shvetsii [Arbitration in Sweden], Moscow: Statut. (In Russian).

Baker C. M., Greenwood L. (2012) The Regionalisation of International Arbitration: Maintaining International Standards in Appointing Arbitrators: A Comment on Jivraj v. Hashwani. In : Wautelet P., Kruger Th., Coppens G. (eds.) The Practice of Arbitration: Essays in Honour of Hans van Houtte, Oxford; Portland, OR: Hart Publishing, pp. 15–22.

Bernini G. (1992) Report on The conduct of the Arbitral Proceedings: Standards of Behavior of Arbitrators in the Arbitral Process and the Independence of the Arbitrators, Paris: ICC Publishing.

Bibik O. N. (2009) Kul’turologicheskiy podkhod k issledovaniyu prava i gosudarstva. [Cultural approach to law and state studies]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, no. 5, pp. 43-52. (In Russian).

Danilevich A. S. (2009) Kak effektivno izbrat’ arbitra? [How to choose an arbitrator effectively?]. Promyshlenno-torgovoe pravo, no. 4, pp. 75–80. (In Russian).

Gaydaenko Sher N. I. (2015) Formirovanie sistemy al’ternativnykh mekhanizmov razresheniya sporov [Shaping the system of alternative tools for dispute resolution], N. G. Semilyutina (ed.), Moscow: INFRA-М. (In Russian).

Karton J. D. H. (2013) The Culture of International Arbitration and the Evolution of Contract Law, Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Lalive P. (1984) On the Neutrality of the Arbitrator and of the Place of Arbitration. In : Reymond C., Bucher E. (eds.) Swiss Essays on International Arbitration, Zürich: Schulthess Polygraphischer Verlag, pp. 22–33.

Lee I. (2007) Practice and Predicament: The Nationality of the International Arbitrator (With Survey Results). Fordham International Law Journal,vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 603–663.

Redfern A., Hunter M. (2004) Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration, London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Sadokhin A. P. (2009) Mezhkul’turnaya kommunikatsiya [Cross-cultural communication], Moscow: INFRA-М. (In Russian).

Salomon C. T. (2002) Selecting an International Arbitrator: Five Factors to Consider. Mealey’s International Arbitration Report, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1–4.

Varady T., Barcelo III J. J., von Mehren A. T. (2006) International Commercial Arbitration: A Transnational Perspective, 2nd ed., St. Paul, MN: Thomson West.

Webster Th. H., Buhler M. (2014) Handbook of ICC Arbitration: Commentary, Precedents, Materials, London; Mytholmroyd : Sweet & Maxwell.

Issue articles