CCR №5 (132) 2019
Political philosophy of M.Gorbachev and the prospects for a new world order

Book review
Gorbachev M. In a changing world. Moscow : AST, 2018

The full text of the article is available only in Russian.

Abstract

The current debate about the prospects of the new global legal order reveals the importance of the political philosophy of international relations, international law and changing institutional constructions of the global governance. The formation of transnational norms and institutions is a very controversial process with regards to such issues as the concept of global and European security; conflicts between values and interests; international and national priorities; the role of trust in international affairs and competing strategies of political elites and leaders in a changing world. The new book of the former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev combines all these topics in one by describing the historical origins of the current international debates, grounds of the modern international destabilization after the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, and by formulating some recommendations in order to overcome the current “global turmoil”. Based on the various official sources of information and on the rich personal memories of the author the book provides a useful framework for the reconsideration of various significant events (as, for example, the American-Russian nuclear disarmament dialog, the reunification of Germany, the creation of European Union, the process of the disintegration of the Soviet Union, plans for the European security treaty negotiations, and many others). This book provides an inclusive and authoritative account of the phenomenon of the new global political order in formation, and the role of Russia in its configuration. The article traces the different attitudes to these issues, showing the critical importance of the contested narratives and evaluations of the historical priorities, competitive models of international legal order and prospects for its transformation in the future. The main conclusion is that in spite of Gorbachev’s failure as a political leader his role as political philosopher and moral leader should be appreciated, as well as his concept of the general European security in the context of the universal global transformation.

About the author: Andrey Medushevsky – Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Tenured Professor, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Citation: Medushevskiy A. (2019) Politicheskaya filosofiya M.Gorbachеva i perspek­tivy novogo mirovogo poryadka: Retsenziya na knigu: Gorbachev M. V menyayushchemsya mire. Moscow: AST, 2018 [Political philosophy of M.Gorbachev and the prospects for a new world order: Book review: Gorbachev M. In a changing world. Moscow: AST, 2018]. Sravnitel’noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol.28, no.5, pp.125–144. (In Russian).

References

Gorbachev M. (2018) V menyayushchemsya mire [In a changing world], Moscow: AST. (In Russian).

Panel of Eminent Persons of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (2015). Back to Diplomacy: Final Report and Recommendations of the Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project, Vienna: OSCE. Available at: https://www.osce.org/ru/networks/229661?download=true (accessed: 11.10.2019).

Remler P. (2017) United States Narrative(s). In: Zellner W. (ed.) Security Narratives in Europe. A Wide Range of Views, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp.171–182.

Krumm R. (2016) Europe’s Security Governance and Transatlantic Relations: The West, Russia and Europe’s Security Order, Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Zellner W. (2017) German Perceptions of Russian-Western Relations. In: Zellner W. (ed.) Security Narratives in Europe. A Wide Range of Views, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp.59–70.

Zagorskii A. (2017) Russian Narratives. In: Zellner W. (ed.) Security Narratives in Europe. A Wide Range of Views, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp.99–118.

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