The purpose of this article is to identify the key positions of the European Court of Human Rights on the relationship between European Union (hereinafter – the EU, the Union) law and the European Convention on Human Rights, as well as to systematize the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights on issues related to EU law. The author examines the current state of negotiations on the accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter – the European Convention), assesses the prospects for their completion, as well as their impact on the ECtHR’s case-law concerning the EU. The possibility of interpretation of the EU law by the ECtHR is based on the fact that EU member states’ responsibility under the European Convention to guarantee respect for the fundamental human rights continues even after they joined the EU. The author identifies two groups of disputes, concerning the application of EU law: cases relating to the EU institutional law and cases related to the EU substantive law. The vast majority of disputes are related to the functioning of the EU area of freedom, security and justice (application of the Dublin Regulation, judicial cooperation in criminal and civil matters). Examination of this type of cases reveals that the ECtHR and the European Court of Justice interpret differently the effect of the principle of mutual trust and the principle of mutual recognition which is based on the principle of mutual trust. The ECtHR assumes that the automatic application of the principle of mutual trust does not provide adequate protection of human rights guaranteed by the European Convention. At the same time, the latest case-law of the European Court of Human Rights indicates an attempt by the latter to develop a universal approach to the interpretation of the fundamental principles of EU law while also taking into account the position of the European Court of Justice. The author also believes that the legal positions of the ECtHR will be developed in relation to other organizations of regional integration, including the Eurasian Economic Union.
About the author:
Vadim Voynikov – Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, MGIMO-University, Kaliningrad, Moscow, Russia
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