CCR №2(129) 2019
“The latent form of collective public events”: adjudicative and doctrinal positions in Russia and Germany

The full text of the article is available only in Russian.

Abstract

The freedom to peaceably assemble has undergone a considerable constitutional and legal evolution in modern Russia over the past twenty-five years. This fundamental freedom at first was fulfilled in the absence of special legislation, and the freedom to peaceably assemble has been implemented quite liberally. However, since 2004, the situation started to change slowly and the freedom to peaceably assemble was exposed to a gradual process of formalization as Russian legislators stipulated new rules and regulations primarily aimed at strengthening state control over the implementation of this constitutional freedom. Finally, law enforcement practice began to produce ambiguous legal constructs, the basic idea of which was to provide further restrictions on the freedom to peaceably assemble. As a result of the activities of judicial authorities, a new legal construct on the latent form of a collective public event was created in Russian law. The author sees his principal task as providing a thorough constitutional and legal analysis of the legal construct described above and to answer the question of constitutionality of this subsequent serious restriction on the freedom to peaceably assemble in Russia. Trying to answer this question, the author investigates provisions of Russian constitutional legislation and relevant decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. The author also undertakes a comparative study with German constitutional (state) law (Staatsrecht) and the practice of German law enforcement, which were developed over the previous decades with regard to the practical implementation of the freedom to peaceably assemble. The author intentionally focused on a comparison of constitutional legislation and judicial practice in Russia and Germany in order to provide a more detailed comparative analysis of the selected problems. At the same time, the author has also examined relevant arguments of the European Court of Human Rights. Based on comparative constitutional research, the author comes to conclusion that the application of this quasi-legal construction of the latent form of a collective public event in regard to single-person protests or information stands represents a disproportionate limitation of the freedom to peaceably assemble, the constitutional right for free personal development, freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, and the freedom of information.

About the author:
Alexander Salenko – Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) in Law; Associate Professor, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia 

Citation
Salenko A. (2019) “Skrytaya forma publichnykh meropriyatiy”: sudebnye i doktrinal’nye podkhody v Rossii i Germanii [The latent form of collective public events: adjudicative and doctrinal positions in Russia and Germany]. Sravnitel’noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 79–91. (In Russian).

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Issue articles